The Making of a Scientist Class 10 Question and Answer 2024

The “The Making of a Scientist” Class 10 Question and Answer set is a comprehensive resource designed for the Class 10 CBSE Board Exam 2024. It includes handpicked questions from the NCERT syllabus and their corresponding answers, aiming to help students understand the subject matter and prepare effectively for exams.

The Making of a Scientist Class 10 Brief Overview

The story ‘The Making of a Scientist is about the great scientist Richard H Ebright. He had a habit of collecting butterflies, rocks fossils and coins since he was a kid. He started scientific research on the study of butterflies. His curiosity and a will to win for the right reasons made him successful.


कहानी ‘द मेकिंग ऑफ अ साइंटिस्ट’ महान वैज्ञानिक रिचर्ड एच एब्राइट के बारे में है। उन्हें बचपन से ही तितलियाँ, चट्टानों के जीवाश्म और सिक्के इकट्ठा करने की आदत थी। उन्होंने तितलियों के अध्ययन पर वैज्ञानिक अनुसंधान शुरू किया। उनकी जिज्ञासा और सही कारणों से जीतने की इच्छा ने उन्हें सफल बनाया।

CBSE Class 10 English (Literature and Language) Questions Answers pdf 2024 

Suggestive Sample Question Answers Papers pdf 2024 for Class X English (First Flight and Footprints without Feet), tailored to the 2023-24 syllabus, serve as essential preparation material for the upcoming CBSE board exam, aiding students in comprehensive understanding and practice.

CBSE Class 10 English (Literature and Language) Questions Answers pdf 2024 


About the Characters of The Making of a Scientist Class 10

Richard H Ebright He is a brilliant scientist. He is noted for his work on cell and reading of DNA.

Richard’s Mother She is an encouraging mother who supports Richard in every


Dr Frederick A Urquhart He is a prominent scientist. He did his research on monarch butterflies. He provided valuable guidance to Richard for his projects.

Richard A Weiherer He is Richard’s social studies teacher. He helped Richard to become a good debater and a public speaker.

James R Wong He is a fellow scholar who worked with Richard on a project.


रिचर्ड एच एब्राइट वह एक प्रतिभाशाली वैज्ञानिक हैं। वह कोशिका और डीएनए पढ़ने पर अपने काम के लिए जाने जाते हैं।

रिचर्ड की माँ वह एक उत्साहवर्धक माँ हैं जिन्होंने हर काम में रिचर्ड का साथ दिया रास्ता।

डॉ फ्रेडरिक ए उर्कहार्ट वह एक प्रमुख वैज्ञानिक हैं। उन्होंने अपना शोध मोनार्क तितलियों पर किया। उन्होंने रिचर्ड को उनकी परियोजनाओं के लिए बहुमूल्य मार्गदर्शन प्रदान किया।

रिचर्ड ए वेइहरर वह रिचर्ड के सामाजिक अध्ययन शिक्षक हैं। उन्होंने रिचर्ड को एक अच्छा वाद-विवादकर्ता और सार्वजनिक वक्ता बनने में मदद की।

जेम्स आर वोंग वह एक साथी विद्वान हैं जिन्होंने एक परियोजना पर रिचर्ड के साथ काम किया था।

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Q3 The Making of a Scientist Class 10 Question and Answer MCQ Extract Based 1

Read the following extract carefully and choose the correct option 

(A) “I didn’t get any real results,” he said. “But I went ahead and showed that I had tried the experiment. This time I won.” The next year his science fair project was testing the theory that viceroy butterflies copy monarchs. The theory was that viceroys look like monarchs because monarchs don’t taste good to birds. Viceroys, on the other hand, do taste good to birds. So, the more they look like monarchs, the less likely they are to become a bird’s dinner. Ebright’s project was to see whether, in fact, birds would eat monarchs. He found that a starling would not eat ordinary bird food. It would eat all the monarchs it could get. 

i Choose the option listing Ebright’s qualities as depicted by the above extract. 

1. persevering 

2. visionary 

3. determined 

4. liberal 

5. conceited 

a) 1, 2 

b) 3, 5 

c) 1, 3 

d) 4, 5 

Ans: c) 1, 3 

ii According to the dictionary, ‘fair’ as a noun, shows the following meanings. Choose the option that lists the meaning similar to the usage to that in the extract. 

a) A gathering of stalls and amusements for public entertainment. 

b) A competitive exhibition showcasing products or ideas. 

c) A periodic gathering for the sale of goods. 

d) An annual exhibition of livestock, agricultural products, etc., held by a town, county, or state.

Ans: b) A competitive exhibition showcasing products or ideas

iii Choose the option that is true for the two statements given about the information in the extract. 

Statement 1- Starling feeds on viceroys. 

Statement 2- Starling does not eat seeds and insects. 

a) Both statements are clearly mentioned in the extract. 

b) Statement 1 cannot be clearly inferred from the text and statement 2 is true. 

c) Statement 1 is false and statement 2 cannot be clearly inferred from the extract. 

d) Bothe statements need to be inferred from the given extract. 

Ans: c) Statement 1 is false and statement 2 cannot be clearly inferred from the extract.

iv Choose the statements that are TRUE for the given extract contextually. 

1. Ebright didn’t get any results for the experiment he conducted on butterflies. 

2. Monarchs tasted awfully to the birds. 

3. Ebright wanted to explore the possibility of monarchs getting eaten by birds. 

4. He wanted to prove that viceroys are lookalikes of monarchs. 

a) 1, 2 

b) 2, 3 

c) 1, 3 

d) 2, 4 

Ans: b) 2, 3 

v Four friends bring their pets to a pet show. Choose the option that mentions the friend with a starling as a pet. 

1. Friend 1 has a turtle named Missy. 

2. Friend 2 has a dragonfly named Majesty.

3. Friend 3 has a rabbit named Molly. 

4. Friend 4 has a bird named Mitch. 

a) Friend 1 

b) Friend 2 

c) Friend 3 

d) Friend 4 

Ans: d) Friend 4 

Q3 Making of a Scientist Class 10 Question and Answer MCQ Extract Based 2

Read the following extract carefully and choose the correct option 

(B) When he saw those photos, Ebright didn’t shout, ‘Eureka!’ or even, ‘I’ve got it!’ But he believed that, along with his findings about insect hormones, the photos gave him the answer to one of biology’s puzzles: how the cell can ‘read’ the blueprint of its DNA. DNA is the substance in the nucleus of a cell that controls heredity. It determines the form and function of the cell. Thus, DNA is the blueprint for life. Ebright and his college room-mate, James R. Wong, worked all that night drawing pictures and constructing plastic models of molecules to show how it could happen. Together they later wrote the 97 paper that explained the theory.

 i Choose the option that shows the picture of the type of task Ebright and Wong were engaged in, as per the extract. 

a) Option (1) 

b) Option (2)

c) Option (3) 

d) Option (4) 

Ans: c) Option (3) 

ii Ebright was perhaps expected to shout ‘Eureka!’ because he had 

a) realised that he needed a partner to work with to finalise his findings. 

b) discovered something new and ‘Eureka!’ was a cry to announce it. 

c) worked hard and was relieved at nearing the end of his project. 

d) given shape to the teachings of his teachers by choosing this field of science.

Ans: b) discovered something new and ‘Eureka!’ was a cry to announce it. 

iii “Thus, DNA is the blueprint for life”, is another way of saying that the DNA contains a genetic __________. 

a) experiment 

b) ultimatum 

c) takeaway 

d) plan 

Ans: d) plan 

iv Four newspapers published a headline about Ebright and Wong. Choose the option that publishes a factually correct headline, as per the extract. 

Newspaper 1 Newspaper 2Newspaper 3Newspaper 4 

a) Newspaper 1 

b) Newspaper 2 

c) Newspaper 3 

d) Newspaper 4 

Ans: b) Newspaper 2 

v Compound words are those words which are formed by joining two separate words to create a new word with an entirely different meaning. 

Choose the option that lists the compound words from the above extract. 

1. determines 

2. blueprint 

3. nucleus 

4. heredity 

5. room-mate 

a) 1, 3 

b) 2, 4 

c) 1, 4 

d) 2, 5 

Ans: d) 2, 5 

Q10 Making of a Scientist Class 10 Question and Answer in 20-30 words

i  Do you think Richard’s mother was too indulgent when she bought him things like cameras, telescopes, microscopes? Give two reasons to support your answer.

Ans: Yes, Richard’s mother might have been overly indulgent. Firstly, excessive material gifts might hinder Richard’s development of appreciation for hard work. Secondly, such gifts may create dependency on material possessions rather than fostering self-reliance and resourcefulness.

ii  Suggest two ways by which you feel scientific temperament can be developed in a child.

Ans: Encourage hands-on experiments and exploration, fostering curiosity and critical thinking. Introduce children to scientific literature, documentaries, and discussions to inspire interest in scientific concepts, promoting inquiry-based learning and analytical skills development from an early age.

iii  Do you think we always need sophisticated instruments for all science experiments? Why/ Why not?

Ans: Sophisticated instruments aren’t always necessary for science experiments. Basic experiments can demonstrate fundamental principles effectively. While sophisticated tools offer precision and depth, simpler setups can foster understanding, creativity, and curiosity, making science accessible to a wider audience.

iv Richard’s mother was his companion and spent a lot of time with him. A parent should try to be a companion to a child. Justify.

Ans: A parent being a companion to a child fosters trust, communication, and emotional bonding. It creates a supportive environment where the child feels understood, enhancing their confidence, social skills, and overall well-being, laying the foundation for a strong parent-child relationship.

v.  The book, “The Travels of Monarch X’ ignited Richard’s curiosity in butterflies further. 

Ans: “The Travels of Monarch X” fueled Richard’s butterfly curiosity, potentially offering in-depth insights or captivating narratives about butterfly journeys, behavior, or habitats. This book likely deepened his interest, motivating further exploration and study of butterflies.

vi. Do you think sometimes, people or things around us can act as catalysts to shape our lives? Explain how.

Ans: Absolutely, external factors such as influential individuals or impactful experiences can serve as catalysts, guiding our decisions, inspiring passions, or altering perspectives. These influences might spark new interests, drive personal growth, or redirect life paths through inspiration and guidance.

Q11 Making of a Scientist Class 10 Question and Answer in 40-50 words

i  You have been requested to write a brief blog post for a Science blog for kids on the theme-‘Science is Real’.

Based on your understanding of the chapter, write the blog highlighting how science pervades every aspect of our lives.

You may berin like this:

Monday, October 19, 2020





Monday, October 19, 2020


Science isn’t just about labs and formulas—it’s everywhere around us! From the food we eat to the phones we use, science shapes everything. It explains how plants grow, why the sky is blue, and how our bodies work. Science helps us understand the world and solve problems. Let’s explore how science makes our lives amazing and real!

ii  The will to win, for the right reasons, was a quality that Richard had. Do you think this quality alone can help us accomplish great feats? Why/ Why not?

Ans: The will to win, coupled with determination and ethical principles, can drive individuals towards achieving remarkable feats. However, success often demands a combination of factors like hard work, skills, opportunities, and ethical behavior. While a strong desire to win is crucial, it must align with integrity, perseverance, and the acquisition of necessary skills to accomplish great endeavors.

iii  Richard’s mother had been invited to a talk show after Richard’s graduation from Harvard with the highest honours. You attended that the talk show. Write the most memorable thing she spoke and what you think it reveals about her.

Ans: During the talk show, Richard’s mother emphasized the importance of nurturing curiosity and supporting a child’s passions. Her profound statement, “Encourage their dreams, and they’ll build their own paths to success,” revealed her belief in fostering independence, encouraging aspirations, and empowering children to pursue their unique interests, showcasing her dedication to nurturing her son’s growth and individuality.

Q12 Making of a Scientist Class 10 Question and Answer in 100-120 words

i. Imagine Richard wrote a letter to his mother when he was studying at Harvard University for motivating him and being a constant source of support throughout his growing up years. Write that letter of gratitude as Richard.

You may begin like this:

Harvard University



20 September 1981

Mrs. Ebright



Dear Mom

It’s been long since I’ve written to you……………


ii. Albert Einstein said, “The important thing is to never stop questioning. Richard was a genius who proved this quote true. Justify.


Harvard University



20 September 1981

Mrs. Ebright



Dear Mom,

It’s been long since I’ve written to you, but every step I take here at Harvard reminds me of your unwavering support and belief in me. Your encouragement shaped me into who I am today. Remember when you bought me my first telescope? You ignited my curiosity about the universe, and that curiosity has led me here, studying astrophysics.

Your sacrifices, motivation, belief in my dreams, and love have been my guiding light, providing courage and strength during challenging times. I am forever grateful for your endless support and encouragement. Thank you for being the pillar of my success.

With love and gratitude,


iii. Imagine you are Richard. You have been invited by Mr Weiherer to deliver a short address to the students at your erstwhile school. You have been asked to encourage them to take an interest in the study of Science and how research in Science can help the world. Write that short speech.

Ans: Richard epitomized Albert Einstein’s adage by embodying relentless curiosity and inquiry. He consistently sought answers, delving deep into scientific pursuits. His insatiable curiosity led to groundbreaking discoveries and innovative approaches. Richard’s academic success, particularly at Harvard with the highest honors, was a testament to his unwavering commitment to questioning and exploring the unknown.

His quest for knowledge extended beyond conventional boundaries, challenging existing paradigms. Like Einstein, Richard never settled for the status quo; instead, he questioned theories, sought alternatives, and pushed the boundaries of understanding. His genius wasn’t just in his intelligence but in his unyielding curiosity, which fueled his intellectual endeavors and made him a true exemplar of Einstein’s profound statement on the essence of continuous questioning.

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