Active and Passive Voice Exercises with Answers

Improve your grammar skills with these 25 engaging active and passive voice exercises. Enhance your writing abilities and boost your language proficiency.

Engaging in exercises that focus on active and passive voice will significantly improve your command of English grammar. 

By practicing these exercises, you’ll develop the ability to identify, transform, and select the appropriate voice for different contexts. 

In this article, we will provide you with a series of engaging exercises designed to help you practice and reinforce your understanding of active and passive voice.

By the end of this guide, you’ll be better equipped to wield these grammatical tools with precision and confidence.

Exercise 1: Identifying Active and Passive Voice

Read the following sentences and identify whether they are in active or passive voice.

(1) The chef prepared a delectable meal.

(2)The masterpiece was created by a renowned artist.

(3)The company announced its new product line.

(4)The research paper was written by the students.

(5)The dog chased the ball across the park.

Exercise 2: Converting Active to Passive Voice

Rewrite the following sentences, changing them from active to passive voice.

(1) The mechanic repaired my car.

(2) The teacher explained the lesson to the students.

(3) The chef is cooking a special dish.

(4) The gardener prunes the bushes every week.

(5) The artist painted a beautiful landscape.

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Exercise 3: Converting Passive to Active Voice

Rewrite the following sentences, changing them from passive to active voice.

(1) The book was read by Sarah.

(2) The letter has been written by the secretary.

(3) The movie was watched by a large audience.

(4) The cake was baked by my grandmother.

(5) The song was sung by the famous singer.

Exercise 4: Choosing the Right Voice

Select the appropriate voice (active or passive) for each sentence.

(1) The cake ____________ by my sister for my birthday. (bake)

(2) The detective ____________ the mystery. (solve)

(3) The ancient ruins ____________ by archaeologists for years. (study)

(4) The company ____________ a new marketing strategy. (develop)

(5) The music ____________ by the orchestra was mesmerizing. (perform)

Exercise 5: Applying Active and Passive Voice

Write two sentences for each of the following scenarios, using both active and passive voice.

(1) Scenario: The house was cleaned by the housekeeper.

Active Voice:

Passive Voice:

(2) Scenario: The team won the championship.

Active Voice:

Passive Voice:

(3) Scenario: The novel was written by a famous author.

Active Voice:

Passive Voice:

Exercise 6: Simple Present, Simple Past, and Simple Future

Hints:

Active: Subject + verb (s/es) + Object

Passive: Object + am/is/are + verb( past participle) + by + Subject.

Active: Subject + verb (past form) + Object

Passive: Object + was/were+ verb( past participle) + by + Subject.

Active: Subject + shall/will + verb + Object

Passive: Object + shall/will + be + verb (past participle) + by + Subject.

Transform the following active sentences into passive voice:

(1) Ishan plays hockey.

(2) He writes letters.

(3) Amar loves books.

(4) I water the plants in the morning,

(5) Sita knows me.

(6) Granny read out a story.

(7) We lost the match.

(8) Bose invented Crescograph.

(9) I liked the movie.

(10) His behavior shocked us.

(11) She will paint the house.

(12) The news will please you.

(13) We will conquer the enemy.

(14) Sahil will clean the room.

(15) My mother will bake cupcakes.

Exercise 7: Present Continuous, Past Continuous, and Future Continuous

Hints:

Active: Subject + am/is/are +verb + ing+ Object

Passive: Object + am/is/are + being + verb( past participle) + by + Subject.

Active: Subject + was/were +verb + ing+ Object

Passive: Object + was/were + being + verb (past participle) + by + Subject.

Active: Subject + shall/will + be  +verb + ing+ Object

Passive: Object + shall/will + be + being + verb( past participle) + by + Subject.

Rewrite the following active sentences in passive voice:

(1)  I am painting a picture.

(2) The man is reading a book.

(3) Soma is cooking meat.

(4) Timothy is cooking lemon chicken

(5) The doctor is treating the patients

(6) Shobha was sending messages.

(7) Ali was reading a book.

(8) Father was watching TV.

(9) Rupa was reading stories.

(10) He will be watering the trees.

(11) Ishita will be cooking fish curry.

(12) He will be completing the task.

Exercise 8: Present Perfect, Past Perfect, and Future Perfect

Hints:

Active: Subject + has/ have + verb( past participle) + Object

Passive: Object + has/have + been + verb (past participle) + by + Subject.

Active: Subject + had + verb( past participle) + Object

Passive: Object + had + been + verb( past participle) + by + Subject.

Active: Subject + shall/will + have + verb (past participle) + Object

Passive: Object + shall/will + have + been + verb (past participle) + by + Subject.

(1) Mother has slapped him.

(2) He has seen a tiger.

(3) have written a story.

(4) He has sent the flowers.

(5) They have bought a pen.

(6) I had given him a pastry.

(7) I had done the work.

(8) Sandip had sold the computer.

(8) They had called a meeting.

(9) He had caught a fish.

(10) We shall have made him captain.

(11) She will have spoken the truth.

(12) You will have done the work.

Exercise 9: Present Perfect Continuous, Past Perfect Continuous, and Future Perfect Continuous

Hints:

Active: Subject + has/have + been + verb + ing + Object.

Passive: Object + has/have + been + being + verb (past-participle form) + by + Subject.

Active: Subject + had + been + verb + ing + Object.

Passive: Object + had + been + being + verb (past-participle form) + by + Subject.

Active: Subject + shall/will + have + been + verb + ing + Object.

Passive: Object + shall/will + have + been + being + verb (past-participle form) + by + Subject.

Rewrite the following active sentences in passive voice:

(1) We have been playing football for two hours.

(2) She has been driving the car.

(3) They have been learning lessons.

(4) We had been watching a cricket match.

(5) They had been eating biriyani.

(6) You had been writing a letter.

(7) I shall have been solving the problem.

(8) You will have been forgiving me.

(9) They will have been tying the knot.

Exercise 10: Active and Passive Voice Exercises: Negative Sentences

Hints:

Active: Subject + auxiliary verb + not + main verb +Object

Passive: Object + auxiliary verb + not + verb( past participle) + by + Subject.

Rewrite the following active sentences in passive voice:

(1) I do not like milk.

(2) The postman is not delivering letters.

(3) They have not repaired the pipe.

(4) I was not climbing the stairs.

(5) We had not seen the movie.

(6) Tea shall not be taken by me today.

(7) I do not distribute newspapers.

(8) She is not purchasing the house.

(9) He has not eaten a banana.

(10) I did not see him.

(11) The maid was cleaning the room.

Exercise 11: Active and Passive Voice Exercises: Interrogative sentences

Hints:

Active: Auxilary verb + subject + main verb + object/remaining part of the sentences?

Passive:  Auxilary verb + subject + verb (past-participle form) + by + object?

Active: Wh-word + auxiliary verb + subject + main verb + object?

Passive:  Wh-word  + auxiliary verb + subject + verb (past-participle form) + by + object?

Change the Voice

(1) Do I eat rice?

(2) Does he beat you?

(3) Did I eat rice?

(4) Did he beat you?

(5) Shall I eat rice?

(6) Will he beat you?

(7) Where did Anil find the bag?

(8) How did you open the door?

(9) Why does Biswajit beat the boy?

(10) Who has broken the glass?

(11) Which saree has Mou selected?

Exercise 12: Active and Passive Voice Exercises: Imperative Sentences

Hints:

Let + Object + be + main verb (past participle). 

Object + should + be + main verb (past participle)

You are requested/ordered/advised + to + main verb + ………

Let + object + be + main verb + by + …………

Turn the following sentences into passive voice

(1) Do this work.

(2) Solve the sum.

(3) Open the door.

(4) Polish your school shoes.

(5) Let us do it.

(6) Please look after the pet for

(7) Write the answer.

(8) Please do not smoke.

(9) Prepare yourself well.

(10) Clean the kitchen.

(11) Obey your elders.

(12) Read the text carefully.

(13) Change the TV channel.

(14) Rectify your mistakes.

(15) You are requested to drive slowly.

(16)  Let the curtains be drawn.

Exercise 13: Active and Passive Voice Exercises: Optative Sentences

Active: May + Subject + main verb + Object.

Passive: May + Subject + be + Verb (past-participle form) + by + Object.

Rewrite the following active sentences in passive voice:

(1) May God grant you a long life.

(2) May God bless you.

(3) May India win the test series.

(4) May they begin life from the beginning.

(5) May we maintain the system.

Exercise 14: Transitive verbs with two objects

The Passive Voice Transitive verbs with two objects are formed by changing either of the objects into the subject and retaining the other as the object.

Rewrite the following active sentences in passive voice:

(1) He teaches us English.

(2) I gave him a book.

(3) She gave me a present.

(4) I sent a card to her.

(5) Grandmother told me a story.

(6) Me. Smith gifted me a book.

Exercise 15: Complex Sentences

Hints:

In changing the voice of complex sentences the voices on both the Principal and Subordinate Clauses should be changed. The introductory ‘it’ also may be sometimes used.

Change the voice of the following

(1) I know that she did this.

(2)  We cannot undo what we do.

(3)  What cannot be cured must be endured. Ans.

(4)  Everybody knows that radio was invented by Marconi.

(5)  They informed us that they would do the job

(6) We must endure what we cannot cure.

(7) I know that he did the work.

(8) I hope that she will sign in life.

Exercise 16: to + Infinitive

Hints:

Active: Subject + helping verb + to + main verb + object

Passive: Subject + Auxiliary Verb + to be + main verb ( past participle) + by + Object

Change the voice of the following

(1) I saw him play.

(2) There are a lot of things to do.

(3) You have to admit this.

(4) She is to cook the food.

(5) I am to buy the book.

(6) They have to read Sanskrit.

(7) She has to marry John.

(8) I have to make a plan.

(9) He has a lot of money to spend.

(10) They did not want to lose the game.

Exercise 17: Modal Auxiliary Verbs

Hints:

Active: Subject + modal Auxilary + main Verb + Object

Passive: Subject+  Modal Auxilary + be + Main V(P.P) + by + Object.

Change the voice of the following

(1) He can drive a car.

(2)  Could I use your laptop?

(3)  You must do it.

(4)  She may allow you to go out.

(5)  I cannot remember the incident.

(6)  The poor should be helped by the rich.

(7) I can do this work.

(8) You may help your brother.

(9) He should respect his father.

(10) I would do physical exercise in my youth.

(11) The teacher must punish him.

(12) You might take the book.

(13) we ought to help the poor.

Exercise 18: Quasi-Passive Verbs

Turn the following sentences into passive voice

(1) Honey tastes sweet.

(2) The stone feels rough.

(3) Lime tastes sour.

(4) Her skin feels soft.

(5) Rose is sweet when it is smelt.

(6) The milk smells sour.

(7) The book reads well.

(8) The milk smells sour.

(9) The book reads well.

Exercise 19: Intransitive Verbs

Turn the following sentences into passive voice

(1) They run a race.

(2) She slept a sleep.

(3) I dreamt a dream.

(4) They laughed at us.

(5) They fought the battle.

(6) Tiya ran a race.

(7) Students should maintain discipline.

Exercise 20: Objective Complement

Turn the following sentences into passive voice

(1) They made him King.

(2) He called me a fool.

Exercise 21: The Reflexive Object

Turn the following sentences into passive voice

(1) She fans herself.

(2) He killed himself.

(3) Know yourself.

Exercise 22: Prepositional or Group Verbs

Turn the following sentences into passive voice

(1) He laughs at me.

Exercise 23: without a doer,

Turn the following sentences into passive voice

(1) I have lost my phone.

(2) One should keep one’s promises.

(3) People speak English all over the world.

(4) Authorities will prosecute trespassers. 

(5) Devotees worship Gods in the temple. 

Exercise 24: without ‘by’

Turn the following sentences into passive voice

(1) We call the tiger our ANtional Animal.

(2) I know her.

(3) Their behavior shocked us.

(4) The news pleased us.

(5) Tears filled her eyes.

(6) He married her.

(7) Someone wrote this letter in the nineteenth century.

Exercise 25: Active and Passive Voice Exercises: Mixed Bag

Change the following sentences into passive voice

(1) I enjoyed the soup.

(2) You will cook the meal.

(3) He is making a kite.

(4) I was eating chips.

(5) Is the girl playing hockey?

(6) That night an earthquake hit the town.

(7) Hina will pay the telephone bill.

(8) The police arrested the leader of the dacoits.

(9) They handed her the keys.

(10) Call the police immediately.

(11) The sacks were changed by the miller and his son.

(12) Shilpa offered him another chance.

(13) The old man was leading the procession of silent men and women

(14) We must listen to his words.

(15) Don’t stick bills on the walls of our house.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Why is it important to practice active and passive voice? 

A: Practicing these grammatical structures enhances your writing skills, allowing you to effectively convey different nuances and styles.

Q: Can you use both active and passive voice in the same paragraph? 

A: Yes, mixing both forms can add variety and rhythm to your writing, making it more engaging.

Q: Which voice should I use in formal writing? 

A: Both voices have their place. Active voice is often preferred for clarity, while passive voice can be useful for object focus or tactful communication.