Active and Passive Voice Examples for all Tenses

Explore the Active and Passive Voice Examples for all Tenses with this helpful guide in this article. This will enhance your language skills and confidently use active and passive constructions in various contexts.

Discover the Active and Passive Voice Examples for all Tenses in English. Learn how to construct sentences in active and passive forms for various tenses, with practical illustrations for better understanding.

The Active and Passive Voice Examples for all Tenses are essential components of English grammar that allow us to express actions and events in different ways.

Understanding how to use both the Active and Passive Voice Examples for all Tenses is crucial for effective communication and clear expression.

In this article, we will explore Active and Passive Voice Examples for all Tenses, providing valuable insights and practical applications to enhance your language proficiency.

Active and Passive Voice Examples for all Tenses

Present Tense has four forms of Active Voice. Passive Voice Present Tense can be of four types in terms of structures in sentences.

Simple Present Tense

Active Voice:

Subject + verb + Object
Active VoiceSubjectVerbObj
He plays football.Heplaysfootball.
  • Active voice object becomes passive voice subject.
  • Active voice subject becomes passive voice object.

Passive Voice:

Subject + am/is/are + verb (past-participle form) + by + Object
Passive VoiceSubjectam/is/are verb (past-participle form)byObject
Football is played by him.Footballisplayedbyhim.

Examples

Study the examples of active and passive voice in the simple present tense. This will help you to learn the process of conversion from active voice to passive voice.

Active: I eat rice.
Passive: Rice is eaten by me.

Active: He beats you.
Passive: You are beaten by him.

Active: We make noise.
Passive: Noise is made by us.

Active: You do the homework.
Passive: Homework is done by You

Active: She drives a car.
Passive: A car is driven by her.

Active: They play chess.
Passive: Chess is played by them.

Active: Ravi recites a poem.
Passive: A poem is recited by Ravi.

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Present Continuous Tense

Active Voice:

Subject + am/is/are + verb + ing + Object
Active VoiceSubjectam/is/areVerb + ingObj
He is playing football.Heisplayingfootball.
  • Active voice object becomes passive voice subject.
  • Active voice subject becomes passive voice object.

Passive Voice:

Subject + am/is/are + being + verb (past-participle form) + by + Object
Passive VoiceSubjectam/is/are beingverb (past-participle form)byObject
Football is played by him.Footballisbeingplayedbyhim.

Examples

Study the examples of active and passive voice in the present continuous present tense. This will help you to learn the process of conversion from active voice to passive voice.

Active: I am eating rice.
Passive: Rice is being eaten by me.

Active: He is writing a letter.
Passive: A letter is written by him.

Active: We are making noise.
Passive: Noise is being made by us.

Active: You are doing the homework.
Passive: Homework is being done by You

Active: She is driving a car.
Passive: A car is being driven by her.

Active: They are watching a cricket match.
Passive: A cricket match is being watched by them.

Active: Ravi is reciting a poem.
Passive: A poem is being recited by Ravi.

Present Perfect Tense

Active Voice:

Subject + has/have + verb (past-participle form) + Object
Active VoiceSubjecthas/haveverb (past-participle form)Obj
She has visited the Taj.Shehasvisitedthe Taj
  • Active voice object becomes passive voice subject.
  • Active voice subject becomes passive voice object.

Passive Voice:

Subject + has/have + been + verb (past-participle form) + by + Object
Passive VoiceSubjecthas/have beenverb (past-participle form)byObject
The Taj has been visited by her.The Tajhasbeenvisitedbyher.

Examples

Study the examples of active and passive voice in the present perfect tense. This will help you to learn the process of conversion from active voice to passive voice.

Active: I have eaten rice.
Passive: Rice has been eaten by me.

Active: He has written a letter.
Passive: A letter has been written by him.

Active: We have made mistakes.
Passive: Mistakes have been made by us.

Active: You have done your homework.
Passive: your homework has been done by you.

Active: She has read a novel.
Passive: A novel has been read by her.

Active: They have finished the work.
Passive: The work has been finished by them.

Active: Ravi has completed the task.
Passive: The task has been completed by Ravi.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Active Voice:

Subject + has/have + been + verb + ing + Object
Active VoiceSubjecthas/havebeenverb + ingObj
I have been watching the movie.Ihavebeenwatchingthe movie.
  • Active voice object becomes passive voice subject.
  • Active voice subject becomes passive voice object.

Passive Voice:

Subject + has/have + been + being + verb (past-participle form) + by + Object
Passive VoiceSubjecthas/have beenbeingverb (past-participle form)byObject
The movie has been being watched by me.The moviehasbeenbeingwatchedbyme.

Examples

Study the examples of active and passive voice in the present perfect continuous tense. This will help you to learn the process of conversion from active voice to passive voice.

Active: I have been eating rice.
Passive: Rice has been being eaten by me.

Active: He has been writing a letter.
Passive: A letter has been being written by him.

Active: We have been making mistakes.
Passive: Mistakes have been being made by us.

Active: You have been doing your homework.
Passive: your homework has been being done by you.

Active: She has read a novel.
Passive: A novel has been read by her.

Active: They have been finishing the work.
Passive: The work has been being finished by them.

Active: Ravi has been completing the task.
Passive: The task has been being completed by Ravi.

Past Tense Structure and Examples

Past Tense has four forms of Active Voice. Passive Voice Past Tense can be of four types in terms of structures in sentences.

Active and Passive Voice in Simple Past Tense

Active Voice:

Subject + verb (past form) + Object
Active VoiceSubjectVerb (past-form)Obj
He played football.Heplayedfootball.
  • Active voice object becomes passive voice subject.
  • Active voice subject becomes passive voice object.

Passive Voice:

Subject + was/were + verb (past-participle form) + by + Object
Passive VoiceSubjectwas/were verb (past-participle form)byObject
Football is played by him.Footballwasplayedbyhim.

Examples

Study the examples of active and passive voice in the simple past tense. This will help you to learn the process of conversion from active voice to passive voice.

Active: I ate rice.
Passive: Rice was eaten by me.

Active: He rebuked you.
Passive: You were rebuked by him.

Active: We made noise.
Passive: Noise was made by us.

Active: You did the homework.
Passive: Homework was done by You

Active: She drove a car.
Passive: A car was driven by her.

Active: They played chess.
Passive: Chess was played by them.

Active: Ravi recited a poem.
Passive: A poem was recited by Ravi.

Past Continuous Tense

Active Voice Structure:

Subject + was/were + verb  + ing + Object
Active VoiceSubjectwas/wereVerb + ingObj
He was playing football.Hewasplayingfootball.
  • Active voice object becomes passive voice subject.
  • Active voice subject becomes passive voice object.

Passive Voice:

Subject + was/were + being + verb (past-participle form) + by + Object
Passive VoiceSubjectwas/were beingverb (past-participle form)byObject
Football was played by him.Footballwasbeingplayedbyhim.

Examples

Study the examples of active and passive voice in the past continuous tense. This will help you to learn the process of conversion from active voice to passive voice.

Active: I was eating rice.
Passive: Rice was being eaten by me.

Active: We were making noise.
Passive: Noise was being made by us.

Active: You were doing the homework.
Passive: Homework was being done by You

Active: She was driving a car.
Passive: A car was being driven by her.

Active: They were watching a cricket match.
Passive: A cricket match was being watched by them.

Active: Ravi was reciting a poem.
Passive: A poem was being recited by Ravi.

Past Perfect Tense

Active Voice:

Subject + had  + verb (past-participle form) + Object
Active VoiceSubject hadverb (past-participle form)Obj
She had visited the Taj.Shehadvisitedthe Taj
  • Active voice object becomes passive voice subject.
  • Active voice subject becomes passive voice object.

Passive Voice:

Subject + had + been + verb (past-participle form) + by + Object
Passive VoiceSubjecthad beenverb (past-participle form)byObject
The Taj had been visited by her.The Tajhadbeenvisitedbyher.

Examples

Study the examples of active and passive voice in the past perfect tense. This will help you to learn the process of conversion from active voice to passive voice.

Active: I had eaten rice.
Passive: Rice had been eaten by me.

Active: We had made mistakes.
Passive: Mistakes had been made by us.

Active: You had done your homework.
Passive: your homework had been done by you.

Active: She had read a novel.
Passive: A novel had been read by her.

Active: They had finished the work.
Passive: The work had been finished by them.

Active: Ravi had completed the task.
Passive: The task had been completed by Ravi.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Active Voice:

Subject + had + been  + verb  + ing + Object
Active VoiceSubjecthadbeenverb + ingObj
I had been watching the movie.Ihadbeenwatchingthe movie.
  • Active voice object becomes passive voice subject.
  • Active voice subject becomes passive voice object.

Passive Voice:

Subject + had + been + being + verb (past-participle form) + by + Object
Passive VoiceSubjecthad beenbeingverb (past-participle form)byObject
The movie had been being watched by me.The moviehadbeenbeingwatchedbyme.

Examples

Study the examples of active and passive voice in the past perfect continuous tense. This will help you to learn the process of conversion from active voice to passive voice.

Active: I had been eating rice.
Passive: Rice had been being eaten by me.

Active: He had been writing a letter.
Passive: A letter had been being written by him.

Active: We had been making mistakes.
Passive: Mistakes had been being made by us.

Active: You had been doing your homework.
Passive: your homework had been being done by you.

Active: She had read a novel.
Passive: A novel had been read by her.

Active: They had been finishing the work.
Passive: The work had been being finished by them.

Active: Ravi had been completing the task.
Passive: The task had been being completed by Ravi.

Future Tense Structure and Examples

Future Tense has four forms of Active Voice. Passive Voice Future Tense can be of four types in terms of structures in sentences.

Simple Future Tense

Active Voice Structure:

Subject + shall/will + verb  + Object
Active VoiceSubjectshall/willVerb (present-form)Obj
He will make tea.Hewillmaketea.
  • Active voice object becomes passive voice subject.
  • Active voice subject becomes passive voice object.

Passive Voice Structure:

Subject + shall/will + be + verb (past-participle form) + by + Object
Passive VoiceSubjectshall/willbeverb (past-participle form)byObject
Tea will be made by him.Teawillbemadebyhim.

Examples

Study the examples of active and passive voice in the simple future tense. This will help you to learn the process of conversion from active voice to passive voice.

Active: I shall eat rice.
Passive: Rice will be eaten by me.

Active: He will rebuke you.
Passive: You will be rebuked by him.

Active: We shall make noise.
Passive: Noise will be made by us.

Active: You will do the homework.
Passive: Homework will be done by You

Active: She will drive a car.
Passive: A car will be driven by her.

Active: They will play chess.
Passive: Chess will be played by them.

Active: Ravi will recite a poem.
Passive: A poem will be recited by Ravi.

Future Continuous Tense

Active Voice:

Subject + shall/will + be  + verb  + ing + Object
Active VoiceSubjectshall/willbeVerb + ingObj
He will be playing football.Hewillbeplayingfootball.
  • Active voice object becomes passive voice subject.
  • Active voice subject becomes passive voice object.

Passive Voice:

Subject + shall/will + be + being + verb (past-participle form) + by + Object
Passive VoiceSubjectwill/shallbebeingverb (past-participle form)byObject
Football will be being played by him.Footballwillbebeingplayedbyhim.

Examples

Study the examples of active and passive voice in the future continuous tense. This will help you to learn the process of conversion from active voice to passive voice.

Active: I shall be eating rice.
Passive: Rice will be being eaten by me.

Active: He will be writing a letter.
Passive: A letter will be written by him.

Active: We shall be making noise.
Passive: Noise will be being made by us.

Active: You will be doing the homework.
Passive: Homework will be being done by You

Active: She will be driving a car.
Passive: A car will be being driven by her.

Active: They will be watching a cricket match.
Passive: A cricket match will be being watched by them.

Active: Ravi will be reciting a poem.
Passive: A poem will be being recited by Ravi.

Voice in Future Perfect Tense

Active Voice:

Subject + shall/will + have + verb (past-participle form) + Object
Active VoiceSubjectshall/willhaveverb (past-participle form)Obj
She will have solved the problem.Shewillhavesolvedthe problem
  • Active voice object becomes passive voice subject.
  • Active voice subject becomes passive voice object.

Passive Voice:

Subject + shall/will + have + been + verb (past-participle form) + by + Object
Passive VoiceSubjectshall/willhavebeenverb (past-participle form)byObject
The problem will have been solved by her.The problemwillhavebeensolvedbyher.

Examples

Study the examples of active and passive voice in the future perfect tense. This will help you to learn the process of conversion from active voice to passive voice.

Active: I shall have eaten rice.
Passive: Rice will have been eaten by me.

Active: He will have written a letter.
Passive: A letter will have been written by him.

Active: We shall have made mistakes.
Passive: Mistakes will have been made by us.

Active: You will have done your homework.
Passive: Your homework will have been done by you.

Active: She will have read a novel.
Passive: A novel will have been read by her.

Active: They will have finished the work.
Passive: The work will have been finished by them.

Active: Ravi will have completed the task.
Passive: The task will have been completed by Ravi.

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Active Voice:

Subject + shall/will + have + been + verb  + ing + Object
Active VoiceSubjectshall/willhavebeenverb + ingObj
I shall have been watching the movie.Ishallhavebeenwatchingthe movie.
  • Active voice object becomes passive voice subject.
  • Active voice subject becomes passive voice object.

Passive Voice:

Subject + shall/will + have + been + being + verb (past-participle form) + by + Object
Passive VoiceSubjectshall/willhave beenbeingverb (past-participle form)byObject
The movie will have been being watched by me.The moviewillhavebeenbeingwatchedbyme.

Examples

Study the examples of active and passive voice in the future perfect continuous tense. This will help you to learn the process of conversion from active voice to passive voice.

Active: I shall have been eating rice.
Passive: Rice will have been being eaten by me.

Active: He will have been writing a letter.
Passive: A letter will have been being written by him.

Active: We shall have been making mistakes.
Passive: Mistakes will have been being made by us.

Active: You will have been doing your homework.
Passive: Your homework will have been being done by you.

Active: She will have read a novel.
Passive: A novel will have been read by her.

Active: They will have been finishing the work.
Passive: The work will have been being finished by them.

Active: Ravi will have been completing the task.
Passive: The task will have been being completed by Ravi.

Mastering the art of Active and Passive Voice Examples for all Tenses can significantly enhance your writing skills. By seamlessly switching between these modes, you can craft sentences that suit different contexts and emphasize different aspects of your message. Practice and experimentation are key to finding the right balance between the two voices and using them to your advantage.

FAQs: Active and Passive Voice Examples for All Tenses

Q: What is the active voice?

A: In active voice, the subject of the sentence performs the action described by the verb. It is more direct and engaging.

Q: What is the passive voice?

A: In passive voice, the subject of the sentence receives the action described by the verb, and the doer of the action may be unknown or less important.

Q: Why should I use active voice?

A: Active voice is preferred for its clarity, engagement, and emphasis on the subject as the doer of the action.

Q: When is passive voice useful?

A: Passive voice is useful when the emphasis is on the action itself, the object, or when the doer is less relevant or unknown.

Q: How do I convert present simple tense from active to passive?

A: To convert present simple tense, use the structure: Object + Am/Is/Are (conjugated) + Past Participle of the Main Verb + By + Subject (optional). Example: “The chef cooks a delicious meal.” (Active) -> “A delicious meal is cooked by the chef.” (Passive)

Q: Can you provide an example of past continuous tense in passive voice?

A: Sure! “They were building a new house.” (Active) -> “A new house was being built by them.” (Passive)

Q: What’s the passive form of the future perfect tense?

A: To form the passive future perfect tense, use the structure: Object + Will have + Been + Past Participle of the Main Verb + By + Subject (optional). Example: “He will have completed the project by next week.” (Active) -> “The project will have been completed by him by next week.” (Passive)

Q: When should I use passive voice in my writing?

A: Passive voice is suitable when you want to shift the focus to the object or the action itself rather than the doer. It can create a more formal tone or be used tactfully in certain situations.

Q: Is it okay to mix active and passive voice in the same paragraph?

A: Yes, using a mix of active and passive voice can add variety to your writing and make it more engaging. However, ensure it aligns with the tone and context of your content.

Q: How can I improve my active and passive voice usage?

A: Regular practice, reading extensively, and studying grammar rules will enhance your understanding and proficiency in using active and passive voice effectively.

Q: What is the present simple tense in active and passive voice?

A (Active): The chef cooks a delicious meal.

A (Passive): A delicious meal is cooked by the chef.

Q: How do you convert sentences from the past simple tense to passive voice?

A (Active): The team won the championship.

A (Passive): The championship was won by the team.

Q: Can you provide an example of the future simple tense in both active and passive voice?

A (Active): They will finish the project tomorrow.

A (Passive): The project will be finished by them tomorrow.

Q: In the present continuous tense, how do you convert active voice to passive voice?

A (Active): She is painting a beautiful landscape.

A (Passive): A beautiful landscape is being painted by her.

Q: How is the past continuous tense formed in passive voice?

A (Active): They were building a new house.

A (Passive): A new house was being built by them.

Q: Can you give an example of the future continuous tense in both active and passive voice?

A (Active): He will be watching a movie tonight.

A (Passive): A movie will be being watched by him tonight.

Q: Provide an example of the present perfect tense in both active and passive voice.

A (Active): She has written a letter.

A (Passive): A letter has been written by her.

Q: How do you convert sentences from the past perfect tense to passive voice?

A (Active): They had finished the work before the deadline.

A (Passive): The work had been finished by them before the deadline.

Q: Show an example of the future perfect tense in both active and passive voice.

A (Active): He will have completed the project by next week.

A (Passive): The project will have been completed by him by next week.

Q: When should I use active voice over passive voice in my writing?

A: Use active voice when you want to emphasize the subject and make the sentence more direct and engaging. Use passive voice when the emphasis is on the action or when the doer of the action is less important or unknown.

Q: Is one voice better than the other for all tenses?

A: Both active and passive voice have their uses depending on the context and emphasis you want to convey. Choose the voice that best suits the tone and clarity of your message.

Q: How can I practice using active and passive voice in all tenses?

A: Practice by converting sentences from active to passive voice and vice versa in various tenses. Use writing exercises and read extensively to identify different voice constructions in published works.

Q: Are there instances where passive voice is preferred over active voice?

A: Yes, in scientific, technical, or legal writing, passive voice is commonly used to maintain objectivity and focus on the action itself rather than the doer.

Q: Can I switch between active and passive voice within the same paragraph or text?

A: Yes, mixing active and passive voice can add variety and engagement to your writing. However, ensure that the switches are smooth and do not cause confusion for the reader.

Exercises

1. I see pictures.
2. The boy is catching a bird.
3. He has been doing the job.
4. We fed them.
5. He was requesting Bimal.
6. I had called him before he awoke.
7. The boy will kick the ball.
8. He will be doing the work.
9. Children like fruits.
10. Lionel Messi scored the goal.