Past Continuous Tense Class 5 English Grammar

Past Continuous Tense Class 5 English Grammar has been prepared for learning English Grammar of Class 5 under CBSE, ICSE, and Other State boards as Lesson No 17. Class 5 students in their English Grammar learning process will get help from the Past Continuous Tense Class 5 English Grammar to achieve better speaking and writing skills in English.

This Lesson 17, Past Continuous Tense Class 5 English Grammar contains – What Past Continuous Tense is? and Past Continuous Tense Formula, Uses, with a practice worksheet at the end for better knowledge for class 5.

English Grammar eBook Class 5 

Example & Definition: Past Continuous Tense Class 5 English Grammar

  • was playing football.
  • It was raining cats and dogs.
  • She was watching television.
  • was reciting a poem.
  • They were not quarrelling anymore.
  • What were you doing at lunchtime yesterday?

All the above action words tell us about actions that were going on for some time in the past.

When the verbs of the sentences describe actions that continued for a certain period at a particular time in the past, it is in the Past continuous Tense.

Formula: Past Continuous Tense Class 5 English Grammar

The Formula of Past Continuous Tense with Positive, Negative, Interrogative, and Negative–interrogative sentences and the Past Continuous Tense chart using different persons and numbers have been shown in the following.

Past Continuous Tense(Positive)

Formula – 1

Subject + was/were + Verb + ing + Object.

Chart – 1

1stI was playing football.We were playing football.
2ndYou were playing football.You were playing football.
3rdHe / She / It was playing football.They were playing football.

Past Continuous Tense(Negative)

Formula – 2

Subject + was/were + not + Verb + ing + Object.

Chart – 2

1stI was not playing football.We were not playing football.
2ndYou were not playing football.You were not playing football.
3rdHe / She / It was not playing football.They were not playing football.

Past continuous (Interrogative)

Formula – 3

Was/Were + Subject + Verb + ing + Object?

Chart – 3

1stWas I playing football?Were we playing football?
2ndWere you playing football?Were You playing football?
3rdWas he/she/it playing football?Were they playing football?

Wh-Word Question

Formula – 4

Wh-Word + was/were + Subject + not + Verb + ing + Object?


  • Where were you going?
  • Why was the baby crying?
  • How was she drawing? 
  • What were they planning?

Questions for information are made with the ‘Wh-word’who, which, what, why, whose, whom, how are called ‘Wh-word’.

Past Continuous (Negative-Interrogative)

Formula – 5

Was/Were + Subject + not + Verb + ing + Object?

Chart – 4

1stWas I not playing football?Were we not playing football?
2ndWere you not playing football?Were you not playing football?
3rdWas he/she/it not playing football?Were they not playing football?

In the Negative-Interrogative sentence ‘not’ is placed before the subject noun and after the subject pronoun.


  • Was not Ravi playing football? (Before subject noun)
  • Was he not playing football? (After subject pronoun)

Uses: Past Continuous Tense Class 5 English Grammar

Past continuous tense is used

1. to express an action that was happening at a particular time in the past. The action started before that moment and had not finished at that moment.


  • At 4:00 pm, I was playing football.
  • She was reading History at 9:00 am, this morning

2.  to indicate that a longer action in the past was interrupted by a shorter action.


  • was watching television when the power was off.
  • She was playing when her mother called her.

3. We often use the past simple and past continuous together, to talk about something that happened while another action was in progress,

We use the past continuous for the action that was in progress,

We use the past simple for the shorter action.

For example,

  • They were running away when they saw the tiger.
  • When I got up this morning, it was raining.

4. We often use when before the shorter action.


  • They were going home when we saw them.
  • When we saw them, they were going home?


Exercise – 1

A. Fill in the blanks with the past continuous tense form of the verbs given in the brackets.

1. He _____ (have) dinner when he got the news.

2. What _____ (be) you (wear) at the party?

3. The guards _____ (chase) the thief.

4. I _____ (try) to fix my computer.

5. My friend and I _____ (play) basketball.

6. She _____ (sleep) when the thieves entered the house.

7. I _____ (listen) to some music.

8. He _____ (snore) through the night.

9. _____ (be) the prime minister _____ (wave) to the crowd?

10. _____ (be) you _____ (try) to get admission into one of these colleges?

Exercise – 2

B. Use the words to write questions in the past continuous. Then, try to answer the questions.

1. what/you/do/at/lunchtime/yesterday?

Ans: What were you doing at lunchtime yesterday?

I was reading a book at lunchtime yesterday.

2. your family/have/dinner/at/eight o’clock/last night?

3. you/do/your homework/at/half past six/on Sunday?

4. what/you/watch/on/TV/last/night?

5. it/rain/at/nine o’ clock/this/morning?

Exercise – 3

C. Change each of these sentences into negative and interrogative sentences.

1. They were going to college.

2. She was decorating her room.

3. She was washing the car.

4. They were eating their food.

5. The children were doing their homework.

6. He was writing a letter.

7. It was raining.

8. The children were splashing about in the puddles.

Exercise – 4

D. Fill in the blanks with the past continuous tense form and the past tense form of the verbs given in the brackets, as required.

1. Ronit. _____ (play) the guitar when the electricity _____ (go) off.

2. Jack. _____ (study) when I _____ (return) home.

3. I _____ (write) a letter when my mother _____ (call) me

4. I _____ (watch) television when they _____ (arrive).

5. Sahil _____ (finish) his homework when he _____ (get) a call.

6. The traffic _____ (move) very slowly because the roads _____ (be) waterlogged.

7. The children  _____ (do) their homework when I ______ (come) back home.

8.1 _____ (listen) to music when the cat _____ (spill) the milk.

Exercise – 5

E. Underline the correct answer.

1. I was doing my homework when/while my father came home.

2. When/While we were watching TV, the lights went out.

s. When/While you were sleeping. Deepa phoned.

4. Binita was walking home from school when/while she found a ten-rupee note on the street.

5. I was writing an email to a friend when/while my parents came back.

6. When/While I was talking to Sarah, Vipin walked into the room.

Exercise – 6

F. Put the verbs in brackets into Past Continuous Tense:

(a) In my childhood I _____ (learn) to sing.

(b) It _____ (get) dark.

(c) My mother _____ (cook) meat.

(d) He _____ (cut) the tree.

(e) The nurse _____ (carry) the patient.

Class 5 English Grammar: All Topics & Chapters????:

Chapter 1. Parts of speech

Chapter 2. The sentence and Types

Chapter 3.  Subject and Predicate

Chapter 4. Nouns and their Types

Chapter 5. Noun and Number

Chapter 6. Noun and Gender

Chapter 7. Articles

Chapter 8. Pronouns and their Classifications

Chapter 9. Verbs and Types of Verbs  

Chapter 10. Regular Verbs Irregular Verbs List 

Chapter 11. Subject and Verb  Agreement 

Chapter 12. Simple Present Tense 

Chapter 13. Present Continuous Tense 

Chapter 14. Present Perfect Tense 

Chapter 15. Present Perfect Continuous Tense 

Chapter 16. Simple Past Tense 

Chapter 17. Past Continuous Tense 

Chapter 18. Past Perfect Tense 

Chapter 19. Past Perfect Continuous Tense 

Chapter 20. Simple Future Tense 

Chapter 21. Future Continuous Tense 

Chapter 22. Future Perfect Tense 

Chapter 23. Future Perfect Continuous Tense 

Chapter 24. Tense Exercises 

Chapter 25. Modal Verbs 

Chapter 26. Adjectives and their Types 

Chapter 27. Degree of Adjectives 

Chapter 28. Adverbs and Comparison 

Chapter 29. Prepositions and their Uses 

Chapter 30. Conjunctions 

Chapter 31. Direct and Indirect Speech 

Chapter 32. Transformation of Sentences 

Chapter 33. Punctuation