Adjective and its Types Class 5 English Grammar

Adjective and its Types Class 5 English Grammar has been prepared for learning English Grammar of Class 5 under CBSE, ICSE, and Other State boards as Lesson No 26. Class 5 students in their English Grammar learning process will get help from the Adjective and its Types Class 5 English Grammar to achieve better speaking and writing skills in English.

This Lesson 26, Adjective and its Types Class 5 English Grammar contains – The definition of adjective, and the Position of Adjectives, Types of Adjectives, with a practice worksheet at the end for better knowledge for class 5.

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Explanation: Adjective and its Types Class 5 English Grammar

1. Rohini is a good student.

2. Have you seen my book?

3. She is an intelligent girl.

4. I have two pens to write on.

The bold words of each of the above sentences describe a noun. Such words are called Adjectives.

Definition of adjective:

An Adjective is a word that describes a noun or pronoun. We can call an adjective a describing word.

Position of Adjectives:

An adjective is generally used after or before a noun or a pronoun. According to position, an adjective can be divided into two categories – 

  • Attributive Adjective
  • Predicative Adjective.

Attributive Adjective:

When an adjective is used before a noun to describe it, the adjective is called an attributive adjective.


  • He is a good Adj)boy N). – Adjective placed before a noun.
  • I met a poor (Adjman (N) .-Adjective placed before a noun.

Predicative Adjective:

When an adjective is used after a noun or a pronoun to describe it, the adjective is called a predicative adjective.


  • The boy (N) is good (Adj). – Adjective placed after a noun.
  • The man (N) is poor (Adj). – Adjective placed after a noun.

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Types of Adjectives Class 5 English Grammar

Types of Adjectives: Adjectives can be divided into 6 categories according to their types.

Adjectives of quality

Adjectives of quality describe the quality of a noun or a pronoun.


  • This is a beautiful house.
  • He lives in a big mansion.
  • Ishita is a dull student.
  • I am able to tell the light box.

Adjective of quantity 

Adjectives of quantity express the number of things but not the exact number.


  • I need some money.
  • Suchitra finished her whole breakfast.
  • Do you want more time?
  • There is no water in the jug.

Adjectives of number

 Adjectives of numbers tell us the exact number of things or their order in a series of things.


  • I bought two cakes.
  • Twenty students are playing on the field.
  • He is the second boy in the class.
  • The fishermen caught five fish from the river.

Adjectives of numbers can be categorized into two. 

Cardinal Number

This type of adjective only indicates numbers.


  • There are two boys.
  • He has four toys.
  • They have nine pins.

Ordinal number

This type of adjective refers to the order. An ordinal number is always singular and the article, “the” is placed before them.


  • She is the third girl in the class. 
  • He is the fourth boy.
  • The team holds the second title in the competition.

Possessive Adjective

Possessive adjectives show us the possession of things.


  • My father is a respectable man.
  • Sunita loves her pet very much.
  • The students went back to their classroom.
  • Please return his book.

Difference between possessive adjectives and possessive pronouns.

  • Possessive adjectives are placed before nouns but possessive pronouns are used after verbs or at the end of a sentence.


  • Mother loved her very much.- (possessive adjective)
  • The book I lost is mine.- (possessive pronoun)

Demonstrative adjectives

Demonstrative adjectives are used to point at people or things.


  • Those boys are naughty.
  • This kite is mine.
  • That bird is hurt.
  • These children live in the neighborhood.

Difference between demonstrative adjectives and demonstrative pronouns.

Demonstrative adjectives are used before nouns but demonstrative pronouns are used after verbs or at the end of a sentence.


  • Those apples are rotten. (Demonstrative adjective
  • I love this. (demonstrative pronoun)

Interrogative Adjectives

Interrogative adjectives are used to ask questions.


  • Which pen do you want to buy?
  • What colour is your new site?
  • Which cities did you visit in Delhi?

Difference between interrogative adjectives and interrogative pronouns.

Interrogative adjectives are placed before nouns but interrogative pronouns are placed before verbs.


  • What time do you prefer? (Interrogative adjective)
  • Whose is this? ( interrogative pronoun)

Examples: Adjective and its Types Class 5 English Grammar

Identify the adjectives that are qualifying the highlighted nouns in these sentences.

1. Rajiv is an intelligent boy.– adjective of quality

4. He is a brave soldier. – – adjective of quality

2. I have a few bananas to feed the monkeys. – adjective of quantity

3. I had two sandwiches in the morning. – adjective of number

5. Did you see my shoes? –- possessive adjective

6. Thisdress is mine. — Demonstrative adjective

7. Do you like to meet our friends? possessive

8. He is not in his room.- possessive adjective

9. I would like to have some rice. – adjective of quantity

10. The Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world.- adjective of number

11. Those boys are making noise. Demonstrative adjective

12. Have you seen their garden? – possessive adjective

Try yourselves the rest.

13. The tiger is a cruel animal.

14. Anup is a truthful boy.

15. Ankurbabu is a good teacher.

16. There are many colourful flowers in the garden.

17. The mango is a sweet fruit.

18. River water is sweet.

19. I have two new books.

20. The horse is a swift animal.

21. Cancer is a dangerous disease.

22. The man is fat.

23. Inu is intelligent.

24. Amar is strong.

25. The lion is a ferocious animal.

Worksheet: Adjective and its Types Class 5 English Grammar

A. Underline the adjectives in these sentences and mention what kind of adjectives they are.

1. My mother bought a pretty dress for me.

2. Those girls in the park are my sisters.

3. That tree bears delicious mangoes.

4. My friends are coming over to my house.

5. The little girl gave a few nuts to the naughty monkeys.

6. The hungry children devoured the whole cake.

7. Our apartment building has two lifts.

8. The two tall trees in their garden came crashing down because of the strong wind.

B. Underline the Adjectives:

(a) Bilash is the best boy in the class.

(b) He has a nice house in the village.

(c) Ajit is a very clever boy.

(d) He has not much money in his purse.

(e) He has four ball pens.

(f) Do not hate the poor men.

(g) My dress is costly.

C. Find out suitable Adjectives from the brackets and make meaningful Sentences:

(a) He is a _____________ boy (good/curly).

(b) His result is ____________ (right/poor)

(c) Man is an _____________ animal (good/intelligent)

(d) The Ganga is the __________ river in India (best/longest).

(e) It is a ___________ Song (beautiful/melodious).

(f) Mr. Mazumder is a ___________ man (lonely/lovely).

(g) Chennai is a _____________ city (popular/populous).

(h) The butterfly has _____________ wings (colorful/careful).

D. Use the opposite of the adjective in meaning to the bold ones:

(a) Naren is a cruel boy.

(b) Amartya is careful in mathematics.

(c) The tiger is a wild animal.

(d) This food tastes bitter.

(e) He has a soft heart.

(f) They are not clever at all.

(g) He gave a strong fight.

(h) Ramu is honest.

(i) He buys cheap dresses.

E. Fill in the blanks with correct describing words or Adjectives.

_______ school

________ hand

__________ boy

__________ man

___________ rose

___________ beggar

Class 5 English Grammar: All Topics & Chapters????:

Chapter 1. Parts of speech

Chapter 2. The sentence and Types

Chapter 3.  Subject and Predicate

Chapter 4. Nouns and their Types

Chapter 5. Noun and Number

Chapter 6. Noun and Gender

Chapter 7. Articles

Chapter 8. Pronouns and their Classifications

Chapter 9. Verbs and Types of Verbs  

Chapter 10. Regular Verbs Irregular Verbs List 

Chapter 11. Subject and Verb  Agreement 

Chapter 12. Simple Present Tense 

Chapter 13. Present Continuous Tense 

Chapter 14. Present Perfect Tense 

Chapter 15. Present Perfect Continuous Tense 

Chapter 16. Simple Past Tense 

Chapter 17. Past Continuous Tense 

Chapter 18. Past Perfect Tense 

Chapter 19. Past Perfect Continuous Tense 

Chapter 20. Simple Future Tense 

Chapter 21. Future Continuous Tense 

Chapter 22. Future Perfect Tense 

Chapter 23. Future Perfect Continuous Tense 

Chapter 24. Tense Exercises 

Chapter 25. Modal Verbs 

Chapter 26. Adjectives and their Types 

Chapter 27. Degree of Adjectives 

Chapter 28. Adverbs and Comparison 

Chapter 29. Prepositions and their Uses 

Chapter 30. Conjunctions 

Chapter 31. Direct and Indirect Speech 

Chapter 32. Transformation of Sentences 

Chapter 33. Punctuation